Poland opted for Energy Efficiency Obligation Scheme (EEO) to fulfil Article 7 of Energy Efficiency Directive (EED). Polish EEOs has been in place only for 5 years. Within ENSPOL project Polish EEO scheme has been analysed along with status quo of Poland by use of specific indicators which describe polish capability to achieve targets of EED within both existing EEOs and further design of EEO. Poland has not notified any alternative measures.
In Poland the energy efficiency obligation (EEO) was implemented in the form of White Certificates System (WCS). The system was introduced into the Polish legal system by the Energy Efficiency Act of April 15, 2011 (EEA)
Type of measures: The list of eligible measures is published in the form of resolution of the MoE and contains specific measures.
The EEO covers a broad range of sectors like the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors in respect of:
- end-use energy efficiency;
- energy savings in auxiliary equipment in power stations,
- energy loss reduction in electricity and natural gas transmission and distribution systems, and heat losses in district heating networks.
The WCS addresses energy efficiency both in the public and in the private sectors. In practice individual households are excluded due to the minimum threshold of 10 toe that makes the WCS inaccessible to single users.
The EEO covers the following parties:
- Energy companies selling electricity, natural gas or heat to end users connected to the grid within the borders of Poland
- End users connected to the Polish grids who conduct transactions on the Polish Power Exchange on their own
- Commodity brokerage houses and trade brokerage houses making transaction
Target setting: The Polish national energy saving target was set at the level of 54.5 TWh of final energy consumption.
Calculation method savings: The level of savings is calculated on the basis of energy efficiency audits.
Additionality: The procedures of the system of auctions do not check any criteria of additionality, like alternatives to the project activity, its financial attractiveness, economic feasibility without the WCS support, barriers that prevent implementation, extent of diffusion of the practices or technologies proposed.
Monitoring & Verification: Energy savings accomplished in energy efficiency projects with average annual energy savings that exceed 100 toe shall ex-post be verified by an energy audit. The audit must not be conducted by the same auditor who carried out the initial audit for the project auction declaration. Projects that fall below the 100-toe threshold are subject to random sampling verification ordered by the President of ERO to check the compliance between the energy savings declared and accomplished. The whole verification and monitoring burden was allocated to the President of ERO. He may carry out audits with his own staff or selected in the process of public procurement an external company.
Control and Compliance: The obliged parties shall obtain WCs and to submit them for redemption to the President of ERO or to pay the substitution fee to the NFoEPWM. The fund has the obligation to inform the ERO about the substitution fees paid by these obliged parties who failed to meet the obligation by providing WCs for redemption to the President of ERO. The President of ERO controls whether obliged parties have submitted for redemption the appropriate number of certificates and /or paid the remaining amount in the form of the substitution fee.
In case of failure to fulfil the obligation i.e. neither redemption of the WCs nor substitution fee paid, the President of ERO imposes a financial penalty on the obliged party
Administrator - Institutional set up: The MoE and the President of ERO are both responsible for functioning of the WCS, though each of them has a different area of activities.
Flexibility: The obliged parties can purchase WC for redemption on the Polish Power Exchange or in OTC transactions or gain the certificates in the tender bid, presenting initiatives performed on their assets.
For the full Report on the xxx EEO scheme click here.