The Lithuanian energy efficiency policy is ambitious in a few sectors, but less in several others. This was also described in the NEEAP analysis, where it is stated that the policy packages for the public and residential sector as well as for the governance framework are found to be promising, whereas the remaining sectorial policies are less ambitious. The governance framework comprises sample agreements for the provision of energy services, and considers different actors and provides mechanisms for the overall coordination and financing. Furthermore, a voluntary energy saving agreement with the energy companies has been introduced.
On Article 7 a recent project on Energy Efficiency law has been submitted in order to set up an energy efficiency obligation scheme. This scheme shall ensure that energy distributors and/or retail energy sales companies who are designated as obligated parties under paragraph 4, and operating in each Member State’s territory achieve a cumulative end-use energy savings target by 31 December 2020.
Type of measures: Lithuania both adopted EEO (80 pct.) and alternative measures (20 pct.). The alternative measures adopted are mainly focused on the refurbishment of buildings, whereas the EEO is focused on the industrial sector. Nevertheless,there are no limitations imposed in the EEO that hinders the obligated parties in obtaining cost-optimal savings elsewhere.
Obligated parties: The saving obligations are placed with the energy distributors within the electricity and gas sector. In the district heating sector obligation is placed with selected retailers. The obligated parties consists of the following companies
- Two electric distributions companies. The largest of which is supplying 44.2 pct. of all electricity in Lithuania
- One gas distributions company distributing 97.3 pct. of all gas in Lithuania.
- 10 district heating companies with a total retail market of 90 GWh.
Target setting: The plan is to save the same additional amount of energy each year, corresponding to 556 GWh yearly additional savings a total of 3336 GWh of annual savings in 2020. This accumulates to a total of 11.7 TWh in 2020.
Calculation method savings: Until a new method of calculating and establishing the amount of energy saved is adopted and a new catalogue of standard energy efficiency enhancement measures and achievable savings is compiled, the amount of energy saved will be calculated in accordance with the rules for calculating energy savings achieved at national level.
Additionality: The Lithuanian Ministry of Energy is still in the process of defining how to ensure additionality of savings.
Verification and Monitoring: Monitoring and verification protocols and their independence from obligated, participating or entrusted parties are ensured pursuant to the rules for calculating energy savings achieved at national level and the rules for monitoring the efficient use of energy and energy sources until such time as a new method of calculating and establishing the amount of energy saved is adopted and new catalogue of standard energy efficiency enhancement measures and achievable savings is compiled. The obligated parties reports to the Lithuanian Energy Agency on supported actions (scope, cost, energy savings etc.).
Control and Compliance: Audits will be carried out on the basis of the procedure and conditions currently in force for auditing energy efficiency in buildings, equipment and technological processes, the procedure for the training and certification of specialists carrying out audits of energy efficiency in buildings, equipment and technological processes, the comprehensive methodology for auditing the consumption of energy in public buildings and the methodology for auditing energy, energy resource and water use in technological processes and equipment.
Administrator - Institutional set up: According to the NEEAP of Lithuania the institutional set-up is centralized around the Lithuanian Ministry of Energy as the responsible authority with the Lithuanian Energy Agency as managing authority.
Flexibility: Even though the obligation scheme and alternative measures are geared towards the industrial and construction sector the obligated parties are free to pursue savings in other areas.