The German Federal Government opted for alternative measures to meet the requirements under Article 7 (1) EED. Even before the Directive was adopted, a wide range of instruments for increasing energy efficiency was in place, so Germany decided to enhance these estab-lished measures. The existing actions are a mixture of regulatory measures, investment sup-port, measures affecting prices, and measures to improve energy efficiency through infor-mation and advice. Notably, the top ten measures cover more than 90% of the notified en-ergy savings target (cumulative savings of 1,758 PJ, i.e. 42 Mtoe, until 2020).