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Bulgaria opted for a newly introduced energy efficiency obligation scheme (EEO) to fulfil Article 7 of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED).

The new energy efficiency obligation (EEO) scheme has been evaluated, describing the hurdles and challenges related to implementation of the EEO scheme in Bulgaria. Analyzing the status quo of the country regarding different criteria, the evaluation will determine whether the EEO scheme would enable or hinder the country to bring about its energy efficiency potential.

Design of Energy Efficiency Obligation scheme (EEO)

The EEO in Bulgaria will be established after the proposed scheme is approved by the Council of Ministers. In addition, the functions and responsibilities of the institutions in charge of implementing the EEO have to be developed. A methodology for the operation of the EEO schemes has been created in accordance with the requirements of Article 7 of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency.

Type of measures: In order to reach their individual targets, the obligated parties may implement energy-saving measures in all final customer sectors — industry, transport, households, services, agriculture, etc. Technical, organizational and behavioral measures are envisaged.

Obligated parties: Energy traders that meet at least one of the conditions: Sales of more than 75 GWh annually; min. 10 members of staff in the previous year or a turnover of more than 3.9 million BGN.

Target setting: The savings achieved by the introduction of the new EEO scheme shall be at least equivalent to achieving new savings each year from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2020 of 1,5% of the annual energy sales to final customers of all energy distributors or all retail energy sales companies by volume, averaged over the 2010 – 2012 period.

Calculation method savings: based on the annual average final energy consumption for 2010-2012 – 6 167 ktoe (excluding transport).On top of that, the 1.5% target set implies that Bulgaria must achieve 92.50 ktoe of new savings annually for the period 2014-2020, where in cumulative figures amount to 647.50 ktoe.

Monitoring & Verification: The energy savings shall be determined by measuring and calculating energy consumption and demonstrated by carrying out an EE audit or assessment before and after the implementation of the measures. The quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the energy savings achieved as a result of the measures shall be confirmed by energy-saving certificates.

Control and Compliance: Compliance with the requirement in the second sub paragraph of Article 7(1) will be ensured by introducing various types of mechanisms and obligations to promote the implementation of energy efficiency measures leading to measurable energy savings. This will involve appropriate amendments to Bulgaria’s primary and secondary legislation.

Administrator - Institutional set up: National Sustainable Energy Development Agency takes responsibility as an EEO Scheme administrator, coordinator and collector of the data.

For the full Report on the Bulgarian EEO scheme click here.

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