The ENSPOL project focusses on the implementation of existing and planned Energy Efficiency Obligation schemes (EEOs) and alternative policy measures in EU Member States (MS).
There is significant experience of EEOs in several countries and regions within countries outside the EU. The ENSPOL project has undertaken an analysis of this non-EU experience, including both design and results of EEO policies, drawing conclusions and making recommendations for EU Member States considering EEOs as a means of implementing Article 7 of the EED.
A number of relevant examples to provide useful information for EU and MS stakeholders and policy makers were identified, based on longevity of experience, scale and good evaluation of EEOs (see below for details and links to further information).
Based on the analysis of this non-EU experience, the ENSPOL project has made the following recommendations for policy makers in the EU using and considering EEOs:
- EEOs should set ambitious goals, at least after a learning phase, i.e. at a level of the order of magnitude of 1% annually.
- EEOs can be used in a variety of market structures, but the details of design need to reflect this structure.
- Obligated utilities should be either required or incentivized effectively, i.e. with penalties or incentives that make non-delivery less profitable than delivery.
- EEOs should be designed to focus on delivering benefits over and above those that will result from minimum standards.
- EEOs should not be used alone, but as part of policy packages that include minimum standards, support for innovation and consumer engagement.
- Policy makers should continue to investigate innovative approaches to delivery using actors other than energy companies.
Click the links below to view the ENSPOL analysis for each of the following examples of EEOs outside of the EU:-
- State of Ontario
- State of Victoria