Three incentives will support energy efficiency towards the 2020 target in Italy: white certificates, tax deduction and thermal account. The first mechanism is the main one, and it will cover more than 60% of the target indicated in the notification from the Italian Government concerning art. 7 of the EED directive. White certificates have been able to become very effective in supporting industrial process, mainly through monitoring plans projects (i.e. the savings are measured through meters). It also considers only additional savings with respect to the market baseline (determined for each technology and sector) and the technology life span of the project.
The Italian white certificates scheme (WhC) was introduced by the Ministerial Decrees D.M. 24 April 2001.
Type of measures: Since the beginning the idea was to consider all the energy efficiency technologies (except improvement of the energy performance for electric power plants) and all the sectors.
Obliged parties: Distributed system operators an electricity or gas distributor with more than 50,000 end – users.
Target setting: total of 25,502 Mtoe for the period 2014 – 2020, at least 60% coming from WhCs scheme. Each DSO should produce a certain amount of WhCs taking into consideration the total amount of the energy distributed in that year.
Calculation method savings: Three calculation methods have been set:deemed saving projects (that do not require meters), simplified monitoring plans (that require one or more meters and whose savings are granted based on the monitoring plan indicated in the related file issued by the GSE) and more monitoring plan projects (for project where it is not possible to apply the two first methods).
Additionality: Only additional savings are considered in the Italian scheme, which means that additional savings are evaluated with respect to a standard market baseline, depending on the solution and/or sector under consideration.
Monitoring & Verification: The body in charge of monitoring and control is GSE, which can act with the support of ENEA and RSE. Controls are conducted on the documentation and on - site.
Control and Compliance: in case a DSO does not fulfill at least 60% of its annual target, AEEGSI will inflict a fine case by case approach on the basis of the lacking certificates and on the market situation. If 60% of the DSO target is reached, no fine can be applied. In both cases the following year target of the defaulting DSO is increased by the amount of lacking certificates.
Administrator - Institutional set up: The rules of the scheme and its guidelines are defined by the MiSEin cooperation with the MATTM with the support from the AEEGSI. GSE is in charge of the operative management of the scheme since 2012, with the support of ENEA and RSE for the evaluation of proposals.
Flexibility: The main flexibility option for the scheme is the possibility for the obliged parties to seek for certificates on the market, instead of providing directly. Another important flexibility for obliged DSOs is the possibility to cover each year 60 - 100% of their target without penalties.
For the full Report on the Italian EEO scheme click here.